Southeast Asia: the Last Frontier of the Football World

Southeast Asia: the Last Frontier of the Football World

The eyes of the football world have been firmly focused on the Far East since Chinese Super League teams began splashing vast amounts of cash on some top European, South American and African talents. But what of the region to the south of China and all the way down to Indonesia – a heavily populated and generally football-mad part of the world, but one which barely registers an international profile in the sport?

Southeast Asia covers 10 nations, none of which has even come close to qualifying for a World Cup finals competition in the last 50 years. The Dutch East Indies, which became Indonesia, did participate in 1938 but only after the withdrawal of Japan. From Myanmar to Timor-Leste, no country has threatened to become part of Asia’s elite, never mind a world power.

Image: These Football Times
Image: These Football Times


This is despite the region boasting a total population of over 600 million – almost 10 percent of the world’s population. Indonesia alone has over 250 million citizens, while the Philippines boasts almost 100 million, Vietnam 90 million and Thailand is approaching 70 million.

With the exception of the Philippines, where basketball is king, it could be argued that football is the most popular sport in the other nine nations in the region. Singapore, Laos, Brunei and Timor Leste have limited human resources, with fewer than seven million people in each of these countries, but what has prevented the other six countries from reaching a higher level?

If we go back more than 40 years the picture was different economically, politically and geographically, all of which had an impact on the game’s development.

At the 1968 Asian Cup, Myanmar – then known as Burma – were runners-up to Iran, a country that has since become a regional powerhouse and qualified for several World Cups. The Asian Cup was not the tournament it has since become, with the finals contested by just five teams in a round-robin format. As south-east Asian representatives, Myanmar finished ahead of China, Israel and Hong Kong.

Asian Cup 2016 held in Bangladesh. Image: Wikipedia
Asian Cup 2016 held in Bangladesh. Image: Wikipedia


Four years later hosts Thailand finished third, defeating the Khmer Republic (later Cambodia) in the third and fourth-place playoff. The latter had defeated Kuwait – who played at the World Cup 10 years later – 4-0 to reach that playoff.

The tournament expanded to 10 teams in 1980 and has since continued to evolve but no south-east Asian team has finished in the top four since 1972. The region was engulfed by political turmoil and conflict in the 1960s and ’70s as communism took hold in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, while Myanmar became increasingly isolated under its military dictatorship.

Indonesia’s opposition to communism led to its own internal strife and conflict, which gave rise to the rule of General Suharto – a classic strongman leader. Malaysia and Thailand had their own issues but less upheaval, though they were always nervously looking around at their neighbours and wondering what could happen to them.

Whether or not these conditions had an impact on the development of football in the region is debatable, but it cannot be denied that over the same period, football in other, often less developed countries, came on leaps and bounds.

Source : These Football Times

Indah Gilang Pusparani

Indah is a researcher at Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah Kota Cirebon (Regional Development Planning and Research Agency of Cirebon Municipality). She covers More international relations, tourism, and startups in Southeast Asia region and beyond. Indah graduated from MSc Development Administration and Planning from University College London, United Kingdom in 2015. She finished bachelor degree from International Relations from University of Indonesia in 2014, with two exchange programs in Political Science at National University of Singapore and New Media in Journalism at Ball State University, USA. She was awarded Diplomacy Award at Harvard World Model United Nations and named as Indonesian Gifted Researcher by Australian National University. She is Researcher at Regional Planning Board in Cirebon, West Java. She previously worked as Editor in Bening Communication, the Commonwealth Parliament Association UK, and diplomacy consulting firm Best Delegate LLC in USA. Less
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