It has always been a mystery why the world seemed to be divided when it comes to the location of their car’s steering wheel. Nowadays, it’s known as “right-hand driving”, where the steering wheel is placed on the right side of the car. “Left-hand driving”, on the other hand, is where the steering wheel is placed on the left side of the vehicle.
Typically, a right-hand drive vehicle drives on the “left side of the road“, or left-hand traffic (LHT). In normal conversation, it’ll be a car that “drives on the left.”
On the other hand, a left-hand drive vehicle drives on the “right side of the road“, or right-hand traffic (RHT). It will be a car that “drives on the right.”
Many countries that practice right-hand driving are former British colonies. Even though not all, like Indonesia and Timor Leste.
And there’s a reason behind it. During English feudalism where knights or sword fighters were still in the norm, right-handed swordsmen would prefer to keep to the “left side of the road” for the following reasons:
- So they can easily use their right hand to wield their sword to an approaching opponent
- To avoid bumping into another’s scabbard, which is the thin cover of the sword that’s attached to a belt and placed on the left part the body
- To easily mount from the left side, and dismount from the right side of the horse
Napoleon started to enforce left-hand driving when he conquered European countries like Germany, Switzerland, Poland, and many others. Of course, his staunch opponents like Britain stubbornly refused to do so, and maintained their right-hand driving tradition. In fact, Britain enforced this rule in all its colonies, which is the reason why India and most of its African colonies still use right-hand driving even today.
The United States, on the other hand, wanted to escape its British roots, so went towards left-hand driving, instead.
Still, there are some countries that want to maintain their right-hand driving tradition — particularly the U.K. Other countries that also practice it include:
- South Africa
- New Zealand
- Isle of Man
- Hong Kong
- Channel Islands
- Caribbean Islands
Source: Carmudi Insider