Only 10% of students in the Philippines met the minimum reading standard and 17% met the minimum math standard anticipated at the end of primary education, according to the Southeast Asia Primary Learning Metrics 2019 (SEA-PLM) findings, which are outlined in SDG 4.1.1—Education Proficiency.
The average reading score for grade 5 pupils in the Philippines was 288; this was lower than the scores for Vietnam (336), Malaysia (319), Myanmar (292), and Cambodia (290). The only country the Philippines outperformed was Laos, where pupils scored an average of 275.
Only 10% of Filipino Grade 5 students achieved the minimum proficiency level, which is the capacity to comprehend texts with familiar structures and manage conflicting information, even though a score of 288 indicates that a student can read a variety of commonplace texts fluently and understand their meaning.
Only 17% of Filipino Grade 5 students were able to execute mathematical operations, including fractions, and interpret tables and graphs, despite having an average math score of 288, indicating that they can generally apply number properties and units of measurement.
The Philippines and Myanmar, where students also earned an average grade of 288, were ahead of Laos, where students in Grade 5 received an average grade of 279, but behind Vietnam (341), Malaysia (315), and Cambodia (289).
Filipino Grade 5 students also earned an average score of 288 in the writing assessment, which placed them ahead of Cambodia and Laos, where students received average scores of 285 and 283, and behind Vietnam (327), Malaysia (318), and Myanmar (298).
As nearly 46% of students fell into the lowest writing proficiency band—those who have limited ability to present ideas in writing and can only produce a few sentences with very limited content—this suggested that a student in the Philippines can produce very limited writing with fragmented ideas and inadequate vocabulary.