Negeri Sembilan, a state in Malaysia, has a rich cultural heritage that is closely connected to the Minangkabau people of West Sumatra, Indonesia. The Minangkabau are one of the largest ethnic groups in Sumatra, and their unique cultural practices have influenced the development of Negeri Sembilan's society, architecture, and governance.
The Minangkabau people have a matrilineal system of inheritance, where property and wealth are passed down through the female line. This system is also present in Negeri Sembilan, where it is known as adat perpatih. Adat perpatih is a system of customary laws and traditions that govern the social and cultural practices of the local people. This system has been practiced for centuries, and is still observed by the Minangkabau communities in Negeri Sembilan today.
The Minangkabau influence can also be seen in the traditional architecture of Negeri Sembilan. The distinctive roofs of the state's royal palaces and traditional houses are known as rumah adat, which are shaped like buffalo horns. This style of architecture is believed to have been inspired by the Minangkabau's traditional houses, which also have similar roof designs.
Furthermore, the Minangkabau influence can be seen in the governance of Negeri Sembilan. The state's rulers, known as the Yang di-Pertuan Besar, are chosen through a unique system of rotation between the four main royal houses. This system is believed to have been influenced by the Minangkabau's system of governance, where the ruler is chosen through a similar system of rotation between the royal houses.
In addition to these cultural and architectural connections, there are also linguistic ties between Negeri Sembilan and the Minangkabau people. The Minangkabau language, which is part of the Austronesian language family, is closely related to the Malay language that is spoken in Negeri Sembilan.
In conclusion, the cultural and historical ties between Negeri Sembilan and the Minangkabau people are strong and enduring. The Minangkabau influence can be seen in the state's social, cultural, and political practices, as well as in its architecture and language. These connections serve as a reminder of the rich and diverse cultural heritage of Southeast Asia.
- "Negeri Sembilan: Land of the Minangkabau", The Star (2012) https://www.thestar.com.my/lifestyle/travel/2012/05/28/negeri-sembilan-land-of-the-minangkabau/
- "Minangkabau in Malaysia: A Malay 'Tribe' with a Difference", Inside Indonesia (2009) https://www.insideindonesia.org/minangkabau-in-malaysia-a-malay-tribe-with-a-difference
- "The Minangkabau of West Sumatra", UNESCO (2005) https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/minangkabau-of-west-sumatra-00163