New Evidence Strongly Suggests Gunung Padang in indonesia Is the World’s Oldest Pyramid

New Evidence Strongly Suggests Gunung Padang in indonesia Is the World’s Oldest Pyramid

A collaborative team of archaeologists, geophysicists, geologists, and paleontologists associated with various Indonesian institutions has uncovered compelling proof establishing Gunung Padang's status as the oldest pyramid globally. Their findings, detailed in a paper published in the journal Archaeological Prospection, stem from an extensive, multi-year examination of the cultural heritage site.

Situated atop an extinct volcano in West Java, Indonesia, Gunung Padang has long been revered as a megalithic structure and deemed sacred by locals, leading to its designation as a cultural heritage site in 1998. The hill's nature has sparked historical disagreements, with some positing a natural origin embellished by human additions, while others contend that substantial evidence supports the hill being entirely or predominantly man-made.

(a) Aerial view of Gunung Padang taken from a helicopter. (b) Topography and site map generated from a detailed geodetic survey. (c) Geology map of the Gunung Padang region (Sudjatmiko, 1972). (d) Orthophoto map obtained from a drone survey conducted in 2014, indicating the locations of trenching sites (white rectangles) and core-drilling sites (red dots). T1, Terrace 1; T2, Terrace 2; T3, Terrace 3; T4, Terrace 4; T5, Terrace 5. Credit: Archaeological Prospection (2023). DOI: 10.1002/arp.1912

In this recent investigation, the research team undertook a comprehensive scientific analysis of the structure. Between 2011 and 2015, they employed seismic tomography, electrical resistivity tomography, and ground-penetrating radar to scrutinize the site. Additionally, core samples obtained through drilling allowed them to utilize radiocarbon dating techniques, revealing the ages of the hill's stratified layers.

Upon scrutinizing the amassed data, the researchers identified clear indications that Gunung Padang was predominantly constructed by human hands. They also discerned evidence pointing to the structure's phased construction, spanning millennia. Notably, the older segments were fashioned between 25,000 and 14,000 years ago, establishing it as the world's oldest known pyramid.

The research team uncovered traces of various construction phases, culminating in a finished structure. Initially, sculpted lava constituted the foundation, with builders carving shapes onto the summit of a dormant volcano. Subsequently, around 7900 to 6100 BCE, another group added a layer featuring bricks and rock columns. Later, an additional layer of dirt obscured some earlier elements. Between 2000 and 1100 BCE, yet another group introduced topsoil, stone terracing, and additional components.

Moreover, the researchers identified potential hollow spaces within the structure, hinting at concealed chambers. Their future plans involve drilling into these areas and deploying a camera to unveil the contents within.

More information: Danny Hilman Natawidjaja et al, Geo‐archaeological prospecting of Gunung Padang buried prehistoric pyramid in West Java, Indonesia, Archaeological Prospection (2023). DOI: 10.1002/arp.1912

Akhyari Hananto

I began my career in the banking industry in 1997, and stayed approx 6 years in it. This industry boost his knowledge about the economic condition in Indonesia, both macro and micro, and how to More understand it. My banking career continued in Yogyakarta when I joined in a program funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB),as the coordinator for a program aimed to help improve the quality of learning and teaching process in private universities in Yogyakarta. When the earthquake stroke Yogyakarta, I chose to join an international NGO working in the area of ?disaster response and management, which allows me to help rebuild the city, as well as other disaster-stricken area in Indonesia. I went on to become the coordinator for emergency response in the Asia Pacific region. Then I was assigned for 1 year in Cambodia, as a country coordinator mostly to deliver developmental programs (water and sanitation, education, livelihood). In 2009, he continued his career as a protocol and HR officer at the U.S. Consulate General in Surabaya, and two years later I joined the Political and Economic Section until now, where i have to deal with extensive range of people and government officials, as well as private and government institution troughout eastern Indonesia. I am the founder and Editor-in-Chief in Good News From Indonesia (GNFI), a growing and influential social media movement, and was selected as one of The Most Influential Netizen 2011 by The Marketeers magazine. I also wrote a book on "Fundamentals of Disaster Management in 2007"?, "Good News From Indonesia : Beragam Prestasi Anak Bangsa di dunia"? which was luanched in August 2013, and "Indonesia Bersyukur"? which is launched in Sept 2013. In 2014, 3 books were released in which i was one of the writer; "Indonesia Pelangi Dunia"?, "Indonesia The Untold Stories"? and "Growing! Meretas Jalan Kejayaan" I give lectures to students in lectures nationwide, sharing on full range of issues, from economy, to diplomacy Less
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