The "Green Chameleon" of Myanmar: Unveiling a New Pit Viper Species

The "Green Chameleon" of Myanmar: Unveiling a New Pit Viper Species
Trimeresurus erythrurus is always green with no blotches. Image Credit: © Prosenjit Dawn Via INAturalist, some rights reserved (CC-BY-NC)

 The snake world is a kaleidoscope of scales and slithers, where colors and patterns dance in an intricate tapestry of diversity. Among these slithering beauties, identifying new species can be a dance of its own, often clouded by subtle variations within and between known species. But a recent discovery in Myanmar has sent ripples through the herpetological community, introducing a mesmerizing new pit viper that plays a particularly clever game of hide-and-seek with its appearance.

Enter the Ayeyarwady pit-viper (Trimeresurus ayeyarwadyensis), named after the mighty river that carves through the heart of Myanmar. This newfound serpent belongs to the genus Trimeresurus, notorious for its dazzling array of morphological variations. In this labyrinthine realm, appearances can be deceiving. Some species wear identical skins, while others flaunt distinct dress codes, yet belong to the same family. It's enough to make a snake taxonomist weep!

The saga of the Ayeyarwady pit-viper unfolds between two established pit viper cousins in Myanmar. In the north dwells the redtail pit viper, a jewel-toned emerald with minimal markings. Further south, the mangrove pit viper struts its stuff in a flamboyant mix of yellows, browns, and blacks, but never dares to don green. However, nestled between these two fashionistas resided a mysterious population boasting a wardrobe that left researchers scratching their heads.

The mangrove pit viper can be a range of colors but never green.© Chee Koi Jun via iNaturalist, some rights reserved (CC-BY-NC)


These enigmatic snakes could appear in two drastically different ensembles: either a dark green speckled with blotches, resembling the mangrove pit viper, or a dazzling emerald, mirroring the redtail pit viper. This chameleon-like ability initially led scientists to suspect a hybrid population, offspring of a forbidden romance between the northern and southern cousins.

But here's where the story takes a dramatic turn. Using genetic analysis, researchers unraveled the true identity of this enigmatic group. No hybrid love triangles were at play; these snakes were a species all their own, distinct from both the redtail and mangrove pit vipers. This discovery highlights the crucial role of genetic data in resolving taxonomic tangles, especially in groups like Trimeresurus where appearances can be as fluid as quicksand.

Meet the Ayeyarwady pit viper! Image credit: Wolfgang Wüster - CC BY

The Ayeyarwady pit-viper's presence in central Myanmar throws another curveball into the mix. Its distribution neatly fills the gap between its cousins, suggesting a fascinating tale of evolution and potential gene exchange in the past. Could the redtail and mangrove pit vipers have swapped genetic secrets with their central cousin, resulting in this green chameleon's remarkable color repertoire? Time and further research will tell.

The discovery of the Ayeyarwady pit-viper is a testament to the hidden biodiversity waiting to be unveiled in our world. It serves as a powerful reminder that beneath the familiar, the extraordinary often waits, patiently camouflaged or playing a masterful game of hide-and-seek. This "green chameleon" of Myanmar not only adds a dazzling new entry to the snake encyclopedia but also underscores the importance of meticulous research and conservation efforts to protect the full spectrum of our planet's slithering marvels.

Akhyari Hananto

I began my career in the banking industry in 1997, and stayed approx 6 years in it. This industry boost his knowledge about the economic condition in Indonesia, both macro and micro, and how to More understand it. My banking career continued in Yogyakarta when I joined in a program funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB),as the coordinator for a program aimed to help improve the quality of learning and teaching process in private universities in Yogyakarta. When the earthquake stroke Yogyakarta, I chose to join an international NGO working in the area of ?disaster response and management, which allows me to help rebuild the city, as well as other disaster-stricken area in Indonesia. I went on to become the coordinator for emergency response in the Asia Pacific region. Then I was assigned for 1 year in Cambodia, as a country coordinator mostly to deliver developmental programs (water and sanitation, education, livelihood). In 2009, he continued his career as a protocol and HR officer at the U.S. Consulate General in Surabaya, and two years later I joined the Political and Economic Section until now, where i have to deal with extensive range of people and government officials, as well as private and government institution troughout eastern Indonesia. I am the founder and Editor-in-Chief in Good News From Indonesia (GNFI), a growing and influential social media movement, and was selected as one of The Most Influential Netizen 2011 by The Marketeers magazine. I also wrote a book on "Fundamentals of Disaster Management in 2007"?, "Good News From Indonesia : Beragam Prestasi Anak Bangsa di dunia"? which was luanched in August 2013, and "Indonesia Bersyukur"? which is launched in Sept 2013. In 2014, 3 books were released in which i was one of the writer; "Indonesia Pelangi Dunia"?, "Indonesia The Untold Stories"? and "Growing! Meretas Jalan Kejayaan" I give lectures to students in lectures nationwide, sharing on full range of issues, from economy, to diplomacy Less
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