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The Coffee Belt, A World Map of the Major Coffee Producers
SOCIO-CULTURE Beyond

The Coffee Belt, A World Map of the Major Coffee Producers

From west to east, the major coffee producing regions fall into a band around the equator, an imaginary line named The Coffee Belt. Between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn wrapping from Africa to Asia, these countries provides most of the coffee we drink every day.

The Coffee Belt Map (melacoffee.com)
The Coffee Belt Map (melacoffee.com)

Stable temperatures, moderate precipitation and rich soil make the perfect conditions for coffee trees. Back in the 14th century wild seedlings of coffee were exported from Ethiopia to Arabian Peninsula, and by the end of the 17th century coffee beans had spread as far as Java and Sumatra. Then, the coffee culture entered the New World countries, and took roots in Brazil, Guatemala, Costa-Rica, Jamaica and Cuba. By the beginning of the 19th century the circle closed and our planet got the “coffee belt”, within which all the main coffee plantations are located.

Continent

Countries

CENTRAL AMERICA

Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador

SOUTH AMERICA

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

AFRICA AND ARABIA

Burundi, Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

ASIA

Indonesia, India, Myanmar, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea

ISLANDS AND OTHERS

Australia, Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Jamaica, Puerto Rico

Every continent that any given coffee is grown in has a remarkable effect of the coffee’s flavor. The variety of the plant, the chemistry of the soil, the weather, the amount of rainfall and sunshine, and even the precise altitude at which the coffee grows can affect the taste of the final product. 

The Type of Coffee Beans producing in The Coffee Belt countries
Type of Coffee Beans producing in The Coffee Belt countries

And now, covering more than 50 countries, here are the list of countries with major coffee producing in 2017, according to International Coffee Organization that may help you explore the many flavors and tasting notes peculiar to each region. Most people find they tend to favor one particular source of coffee bean, explore nearby regions and discover new varieties and flavors.

1. Brazil (2,594,100 tons)

Notable Beans: Bahia, Bourbon Santos

2. Vietnam (1,650,000 tons)

Notable Beans: Robusta

3. Colombia (810,000 tons)  

Notable Beans: Medellin, Supremo, Bogotá

4. Indonesia (739,020 tons)

Notable Beans: Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi (Celebes)

5. Ethiopia (384,000 tons)

Notable Beans: Harrar, Sidamo, Yirgacheffe

6. India (349.980 tons)

Notable Beans: Mysore, Monsooned Malabar

7. Honduras (345,000 tons)

Notable beans : Bourbon, Caturra, Catuai, Typica

8. Uganda (285,300 tons)

Notable Bean: Bugisu

9. Mexico (234,000 tons)  

Notable Beans: Altura, Liquidambar MS, Pluma Coixtepec


Source : travelerscoffee.rucornerofthecafe.comncausa.orgico.org

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