Why Thailand Was Never Colonized?

Why Thailand Was Never Colonized?

   Almost all countries in Southeast Asia have experienced colonialism. Like Indonesia and Malaysia which were colonized by the Portuguese, British, Dutch and Japanese. But there is one country in Southeast Asia that has never tasted the bitterness of colonialism, namely Thailand. Here are the reasons why Thailand was never colonized:

1. Geographical Reasons

Thailand is in the 'Buffer State' or a dividing country between the two colonialists, namely British imperialism in Myanmar and French imperialism in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.


2. The Mandala Government System

Eliminating the power of regional leaders by concentrating all power in the city of Bangkok. That way the regional leaders only focused on the king's politics rather than the Europeans, so that they were not easily divided.



3. Modernization

Thailand is modernizing in various fields by adopting the habits of European countries. Such as lifestyle, modernization in education, military and technology. All of this was intended so that when Europeans came to Thailand, they would think that the Thai people were not stupid so they could become friends


4. Browing Agreement

This agreement was agreed upon by the Governor of Hong Kong, John Browing. Even though the contents of the agreement were detrimental to Thailand, but they accepted the agreement so that it would not be colonized and could still trade with foreign countries.


5. Participated in World War I

Thailand cooperates with England and France against Germany, Austria and Hungary. In this way, Thailand received support from Britain and France, thereby minimizing the chances of being colonized by Europe.


6. Have Few Crops

In general, Southeast Asian countries have abundant crops, but Thailand has few crops. Because of this many European nations were not interested in colonizing Thailand.


Akhyari Hananto

I began my career in the banking industry in 1997, and stayed approx 6 years in it. This industry boost his knowledge about the economic condition in Indonesia, both macro and micro, and how to More understand it. My banking career continued in Yogyakarta when I joined in a program funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB),as the coordinator for a program aimed to help improve the quality of learning and teaching process in private universities in Yogyakarta. When the earthquake stroke Yogyakarta, I chose to join an international NGO working in the area of ?disaster response and management, which allows me to help rebuild the city, as well as other disaster-stricken area in Indonesia. I went on to become the coordinator for emergency response in the Asia Pacific region. Then I was assigned for 1 year in Cambodia, as a country coordinator mostly to deliver developmental programs (water and sanitation, education, livelihood). In 2009, he continued his career as a protocol and HR officer at the U.S. Consulate General in Surabaya, and two years later I joined the Political and Economic Section until now, where i have to deal with extensive range of people and government officials, as well as private and government institution troughout eastern Indonesia. I am the founder and Editor-in-Chief in Good News From Indonesia (GNFI), a growing and influential social media movement, and was selected as one of The Most Influential Netizen 2011 by The Marketeers magazine. I also wrote a book on "Fundamentals of Disaster Management in 2007"?, "Good News From Indonesia : Beragam Prestasi Anak Bangsa di dunia"? which was luanched in August 2013, and "Indonesia Bersyukur"? which is launched in Sept 2013. In 2014, 3 books were released in which i was one of the writer; "Indonesia Pelangi Dunia"?, "Indonesia The Untold Stories"? and "Growing! Meretas Jalan Kejayaan" I give lectures to students in lectures nationwide, sharing on full range of issues, from economy, to diplomacy Less
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