Global Food Security Index 2018: The Southeast Asia's Rankings
The agriculture division of DowDuPont, Corteva Agriscience, and The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) have released the 2018 Global Food Security Index (GFSI) findings which signal a shift toward more resilient food security measures.
For the first time, Singapore claims the top spot in the 2018 GFSI ranking, partly because GDP per capita has risen nearly 30 percent since 2012, while the percentage of household expenditure that is spent on food is 6.9 percent.
In addition to the increase in GDP, Singapore also has the lowest agricultural import tariffs among all countries in the index.
The report, sponsored by Corteva Agriscience, provides a common framework for understanding the root causes of food insecurity. GFSI ranking criteria is set by examining the dynamics of food systems and the effects of changing global environments.
The GFSI is the first to examine food security through the lens of affordability, availability, and quality, across 113 countries, of which many have a Corteva Agriscience presence.
Lower-middle- and low-income countries experience the most substantial gains during the past year, according to the findings, signaling a shift toward more resilient food security measures.
Improvements in agricultural infrastructure and increased capacity to feed growing populations are credited for improvements.
From the whole list, Seasia extracted the Southeast Asian countries rankings and herewith is the full list:
Despite the 2018 GFSI improvements in food availability and affordability, the overall food quality and safety score declined, due in part to reduced diet diversification and lower protein quality.
The existence of national dietary guidelines, nutritional strategies and formal grocery sectors have improved. However, findings show countries can continue to do more to ensure the safety and health of food, particularly given risks of contamination along the global food supply chain.