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Anosmia: What Causes It? How Is It Treated?
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Anosmia: What Causes It? How Is It Treated?

Common symptoms of anosmia are caused by a blockage in the nose that stops odors from getting to the top of the nose. It is also sometimes caused by a problem with the system that sends signals from the nose to the brain. Common symptoms of anosmia are caused by a blockage in the nose that stops odors from getting to the top of the nose. It is also sometimes caused by a problem with the system that sends signals from the nose to the brain.

Anosmia seems doesn’t have a high-risk for the long term, but still, people could beware of it. Anosmia caused people to lost their smelling sense and also lost their appetite sense. 

What Causes it?

  1. Irritation of the mucous membranes that line the nose

The most caused by sinus, colds, smoking, influenza, allergic rhinitis. However, flu is such of the main causes of anosmia symptoms.

  1. Blockage of the nasal passages

Loss of smelling sense is one of the results of anosmia symptoms that can block the air that enters the nose, but not include tumor, nasal polyps, and deformities of the bones inside the nose or nasal septum.

  1. Brain or nerve damage

This could happen if only one nerve system that sends a signal to the brain is an error. Other conditions that maybe can cause anosmia are:

  • Old age
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Brain tumors
  • Hormonal problems
  • Epilepsy
  • Diabetes
  • Long-term alcoholism.
Anosmia (Source: Nurse24)
Anosmia (Source: Nurse24)

How Is It Treated?

The treatment of anosmia is depends of the causes of it. If it is only caused by common flu, it will disappear after few days. However, you still need to check yourself to the doctor to knowing the symptoms if it is not going to be better after some days.

The treatment of anosmia that caused by nasal irritation include:

  • Decongestants
  • Antihistamines
  • Sterois nasal sprays
  • Antibiotis, for bacterial infections
  • Reducing exposure to nasal irritants and allergens
  • Cessation of smoking

So, do not worry and panic if you suddenly feeling unwell and loss your smelling sense, it could be only common flu. However, for further information you can go check yourself in the clinic and the doctor.

Source : CNN Indonesia, healthline.

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